Bago, formerly Pegu, is a provincial market town located approximately 80km northeast of Yangon. From the 12th century onwards, a long line of Mon Kings created what was then the wealthiest and most powerful kingdom in the country. Numerous wars raged between the 16th and 18th century however, which eventually resulted in the city’s demise. Nowadays it is almost impossible to get a true sense of its former glory, but it does retain an impressive hoard of Buddhist monuments whose scale and splendour evoke the glory days of the Mon Kingdom. Notable highlights include, Shwemawdaw Pagoda, Shwethalyaung Buddha and the reconstructed Kanbawzathadi Palace.