Situated in a picturesque valley 200km north of Mandalay, Mogok and its surrounding villages have long been associated with the mining of gemstones. In fact, close to 90% of the world’s rubies are said to have originated from this area making it a must for any gem enthusiasts. The region also enjoys a diverse ethnic make-up with Bamar, Shan, Lisu, Palaung, Chinese, Indian and Gurkhas communities present. In terms of sightseeing, a number of bustling ruby markets and mines can be found close to the centre of town, providing visitors with a unique glimpse into this lucrative industry. The half day Mogok valley trek is also worthwhile as it provides visitors with the perfect opportunity to interact with the hardworking locals, whilst at the same time offering a glorious panoramic of the valley and its surrounding mountains. This looks even more picturesque early morning when the mountains are partially misted over.